1527 Senate Street1527 Senate Street
Peter Horry, a merchant, planter, and Revolutionary War colonel who fought under General Francis Marion, built this house on land bought from his brother-in-law, James G. Guignard, between 1813 and 1814. Horry also grew a large vegetable garden on the adjacent four-acre block, bounded by Senate, Pickens, Pendleton, and Henderson streets, which fed his family and enslaved workers. Horry's Guignard nieces inherited the property after his death and later the home belonged to John Gabriel Guignard, the Surveyor General of South Carolina, who plotted the streets of Columbia. This house is one of the oldest remaining homes in Columbia, was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1969, is protected locally as a Grade I Local Landmark, and is currently owned by the University of South Carolina.