1222 Heidt Street
Site of Reverend James M. Hinton Residence
New York native James Miles Hinton moved to South Carolina in 1939 as a Pilgrim Health and Life Insurance Company representative. While president of the South Carolina State Conference of the NAACP (1941-1958), he oversaw the organization’s expansion from 13 to 80 branches. Hinton also prompted Briggs v. Elliot, which led to the historic Brown v. Board of Education, and Elmore v. Rice that challenged the state’s whites-only Democratic Party. Armed Waverly residents often protected Hinton when threatened by the Ku Klux Klan for orchestrating these far-reaching lawsuits. From 1958 until his death in 1970, the World War I veteran also served as pastor of Second Calvary Baptist Church.