829 Richland Street
Cotton broker and banker John Caldwell built this house in 1825 as a testament to his financial success. During the antebellum period, the residence was one of many large homes established in the neighborhood by successful businessmen. Despite its proximity to the Arsenal Academy and the Palmetto Armory, sites targeted for their military value in 1865 and subsequently burned, the Caldwell family's home and residences of other families escaped destruction. It was sold several times before Sarah Smith Boylston occupied it. From 1910 until her death in 1963, Boylston carefully cultivated the property's renowned gardens. The house is now a part of the Governor's Green Complex.