1713 Wayne Street
Cornwell Tourist Home
From about 1940 through 1960, Harriet Cornwell, a teacher at Waverly School, welcomed African American travelers who would have been turned away from white-owned motels and hotels. Thanks to its listing within the Negro Travelers' Green Book, a publication designed to "give the Negro traveler information that will keep him from running into difficulties, embarrassments and to make his trips more enjoyable," her residence was among a handful of Columbia houses whose owners provided safe accommodations for African Americans. Four other such properties, including the S.H. Smith Tourist Home, at 929 Pine Street, in Lower Waverly, still stand.
Remembered as a neighborhood leader, Harriet "Hattie Mae" Cornwell, opened her home to not only travelers seeking accommodations during Jim Crow segregation, but also neighbors in need. In 1914, while Francis Butler was rebuilding his family's home at 1716 Wayne Street, several family members stayed at the Cornwell residence.